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Dataset: Carbon accumulation rates in a salt marsh over the past two millennia

posted on 10.01.2020, 15:22 by Nathan McTigue, Jenny Davis, Antonio Rodriguez, Brent McKee, Anna Atencio, Carolyn Currin
High rates of carbon burial observed in wetland sediments have garnered attention as a potential “natural fix” to reduce the concentration of carbon dioxide (CO2) in Earth’s atmosphere. A carbon accumulation rate (CAR) can be determined through various methods that integrate a carbon stock over different time periods, ranging from decades to millennia. Our goal was to assess how CAR changed over the lifespan of a salt marsh. We applied a geochronology to a series of salt marsh cores using both 14C and 210Pb markers to calculate CARs that were integrated between 35 to 2,460 years before present. CAR was 39 g C m-2 y-1 when integrated over millennia, but was upwards of 148 g C m-2 y-1 for the past century. We present additional evidence to account for this variability by linking it to changes in relative sea-level rise (RSLR), where higher rates of RSLR were associated with higher CARs. Thus, the true CAR calculated for a wetland should integrate recent timescales that capture the influence of contemporary RSLR, but must also omit recently deposited labile organic carbon that will ultimately decompose. Therefore, caution should be exercised not to utilize a CAR calculated over inappropriate time scales as a current assessment or forecasting tool for the climate change mitigation potential of a wetland.